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空调不制热怎么办

浏览:812 发布日期:2019-05-16 08:05:50

  一、空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)制(zhi)热(re)(re)(re)原理  空(kong)(kong)(kong)调(diao)制(zhi)热(re)(re)(re)时(shi)(shi),气(qi)(qi)(qi)体氟利(li)昂被压缩机加压,成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)(wei)高温高压气(qi)(qi)(qi)体,进入(ru)(ru)室(shi)(shi)(shi)内机的换热(re)(re)(re)器(qi)(此时(shi)(shi)为(wei)(wei)冷(leng)凝(ning)器(qi)),冷(leng)凝(ning)液化(hua)放(fang)热(re)(re)(re),成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)(wei)液体,同时(shi)(shi)将室(shi)(shi)(shi)内空(kong)(kong)(kong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)加热(re)(re)(re),从而(er)达到(dao)提高室(shi)(shi)(shi)内温度(temperature)的目的。液体氟利(li)昂经节流装(zhuang)置减压,进入(ru)(ru)室(shi)(shi)(shi)外(wai)机的换热(re)(re)(re)器(qi)(此时(shi)(shi)为(wei)(wei)蒸(zheng)发器(qi)),蒸(zheng)发气(qi)(qi)(qi)化(hua)吸(xi)热(re)(re)(re),成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)(wei)气(qi)(qi)(qi)体,同时(shi)(shi)吸(xi)取室(shi)(shi)(shi)外(wai)空(kong)(kong)(kong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)的热(re)(re)(re)量(室(shi)(shi)(shi)外(wai)空(kong)(kong)(kong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)变(bian)得(de)更冷(leng))。成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)(wei)气(qi)(qi)(qi)体的氟利(li)昂再次进入(ru)(ru)压缩机开始下(xia)一个循环。  
  二(er)、空调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)的原(yuan)因 空调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)怎么(me)办(ban)  空调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)的原(yuan)因相信很多非(fei)专业(ye)人士都不清楚,接下来(lai)就告诉您(nin)空调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)的原(yuan)因有哪些,还有空调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)怎么(me)办(ban),让您(nin)也成为专业(ye)人士: 
  1、空(kong)调毛(mao)细(xi)管(guan)(guan)或者单(dan)向(xiang)阀有问题(Emerson)  a. 毛(mao)细(xi)管(guan)(guan):毛(mao)细(xi)管(guan)(guan)网(wang)模(mo)拟叶脉和人体毛(mao)细(xi)血管(guan)(guan)机制,由外径(jing)为3.5-5.0mm(壁厚0.9mm左右)的(de)毛(mao)细(xi)管(guan)(guan)和外径(jing)20mm(壁厚2mm或2.3mm)的(de)供回水主干管(guan)(guan)构成管(guan)(guan)网(wang)。  b. 单(dan)向(xiang)阀:又称止回阀或逆(ni)止阀。用(yong)(yong)于(yu)液压(ya)系统(tong)(Hydraulic systems)(system)中防(fang)止油流(liu)反向(xiang)流(liu)动(dong),或者用(yong)(yong)于(yu)气动(dong)系统(tong)中防(fang)止压(ya)缩空(kong)气逆(ni)向(xiang)流(liu)动(dong)。  策略:更换(huan)毛(mao)细(xi)管(guan)(guan)或者单(dan)向(xiang)阀即(ji)可解决(jue)空(kong)调不制热(re)。 
  2、室(shi)外温(wen)度过(guo)低(di)(di)  室(shi)外温(wen)度过(guo)低(di)(di)会造成(cheng)空调没有办法正常(chang)工(gong)作,一般室(shi)外在零度以下(xia)(xia),变频空调的(de)室(shi)外在零下(xia)(xia)15度左(zuo)右已经无法正常(chang)制(zhi)热(re)了(le),所以有可能是室(shi)外过(guo)低(di)(di),空调无法化(hua)霜(shuang),空调不能制(zhi)热(re)。  策略(lve):用(yong)工(gong)具(ju)清(qing)洗空调上得霜(shuang)即可解决空调不制(zhi)热(re)。 
  3、空(kong)调(diao)四(si)通(tong)(tong)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)漏(lou)气(qi)  四(si)通(tong)(tong)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa):液压(hydraulic)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)术(shu)语,是具有四(si)个油(you)口的(de)控(kong)制(zhi)(control)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)。四(si)通(tong)(tong)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)是制(zhi)冷设备(shèbèi)中不可(ke)缺少(shao)的(de)部件,其工作(zuo)原理是,当电磁阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)线圈处(chu)于(yu)断电状态,先导(dao)滑(hua)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)在(zai)右侧压缩弹簧(Spring)驱动下(xia)左移,高压气(qi)体进入毛细管(guan)后进入右端(duan)活塞(piston)腔(qiang),另(ling)一方面(mian),左端(duan)活塞腔(qiang)的(de)气(qi)体排出,由于(yu)活塞两端(duan)存在(zai)压差,活塞及主滑(hua)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)左移,使排气(qi)管(guan)与室外机接管(guan)相(xiang)通(tong)(tong),另(ling)两根(gen)接管(guan)相(xiang)通(tong)(tong),形(xing)成制(zhi)冷循环(huan)。  策略:更换四(si)通(tong)(tong)阀(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)即可(ke)解决空(kong)调(diao)不制(zhi)热。 
  4、过(guo)(guo)滤网(Filter mesh)有(you)灰(hui)尘  空调空气过(guo)(guo)滤器积尘太(tai)多(duo)、内外机通(tong)风口(kou)被异物堵(du)塞。西安中央全民森林舞会再仔细看(kan)一下电器(qi)元件的插片有(you)无松脱现(xian)象,各连接铜管位置是否正确,有(you)无铜管碰壳体(ti)。壁挂炉锅炉常开(kai):温度不(bu)一定(ding)要设得很(hen)高,舒适(shi)就行;离开(kai)家的时(shi)候(hou)将水温调低(di)但(dan)不(bu)要关(guan)机,否则的话频繁开(kai)机快速加热,非但(dan)不(bu)能够节(jie)能而(er)且缩短壁挂炉寿命。制冷设备维修是指(zhi)主要用于船员食物冷藏(zang)、各类货物冷藏(zang)及暑天的(de)(de)舱(cang)室(shi)空(kong)气(qi)(qi)调(diao)节的(de)(de)设(she)备(bei)(bei)。主要由压(ya)缩机(ji)、膨(peng)胀阀、蒸(zheng)发器、冷凝器和附(fu)件、管路(lu)组(zu)成(cheng)。按工作原理可分为压(ya)缩制(zhi)冷设(she)备(bei)(bei)、吸(xi)收制(zhi)冷设(she)备(bei)(bei)、蒸(zheng)汽(qi)喷射制(zhi)冷设(she)备(bei)(bei)、热(re)(re)泵制(zhi)冷设(she)备(bei)(bei)和电(dian)热(re)(re)制(zhi)冷装置等(deng)。目前船舶上应用最(zui)普(pu)遍的(de)(de)是压(ya)缩制(zhi)冷设(she)备(bei)(bei)。过滤网的(de)(de)作用是吸(xi)附(fu)空(kong)气(qi)(qi)中的(de)(de)灰尘(chen),如果积的(de)(de)灰尘(chen)太(tai)多而(er)不及时清(qing)洗会堵住空(kong)气(qi)(qi)流(liu)(liu)通,从而(er)造(zao)成(cheng)出风(feng)口的(de)(de)出风(feng)量最(zui)大化减少,致使机(ji)内制(zhi)热(re)(re)量(Heat)无法被流(liu)(liu)动空(kong)气(qi)(qi)及时带出来(lai),造(zao)成(cheng)制(zhi)热(re)(re)量不足(zu)。  策(ce)略:清(qing)洗过滤网即可解决空(kong)调(diao)不制(zhi)热(re)(re)。 
  5、空(kong)调(diao)(diao)机内缺(que)(que)氟  空(kong)调(diao)(diao)机内缺(que)(que)氟不(bu)但不(bu)能(neng)制(zhi)冷(leng),同样会引(yin)起制(zhi)热效果。现在大部分空(kong)调(diao)(diao)是热泵(beng)型或热泵(beng)加(jia)辅助电加(jia)热型空(kong)调(diao)(diao),这两种空(kong)调(diao)(diao)的工作(zuo)原(yuan)理都是利(li)用氟利(li)昂蒸(zheng)发(fa)时从(cong)室外空(kong)气(qi)吸热,如(ru)果缺(que)(que)氟了会造(zao)成无法吸热,就无法正常工作(zuo)。  策略:请专业人员加(jia)氟即(ji)可解决空(kong)调(diao)(diao)不(bu)制(zhi)热。  
  三、空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)制热设(she)置  冬季(ji)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)设(she)定的(de)(de)(de)最(zui)佳温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)是20℃。室(shi)内温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)过热不(bu)(bu)仅有利于(yu)身(shen)体健康,也可避(bi)免空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)超负(fu)荷工作。制热时(shi)刚开机用低风挡(dang),半小时(shi)后(hou)改用中风挡(dang)。对(dui)于(yu)喜欢调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)高室(shi)内温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)的(de)(de)(de)朋(peng)友(you),请(qing)务必注意(yi)不(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)在(zai)(zai)(zai)冬季(ji)将温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)设(she)在(zai)(zai)(zai)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)可承受(shou)的(de)(de)(de)极端30℃,否则(ze)会(hui)引起空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)频繁(frequency)启动或不(bu)(bu)停机,增大(da)耗电量,严重时(shi)甚至会(hui)损坏(huai)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)压缩(suo)机。由于(yu)暖气流(liu)比空(kong)(kong)气轻,容(rong)易浮在(zai)(zai)(zai)整个封(feng)闭屋子的(de)(de)(de)上(shang)方(fang),在(zai)(zai)(zai)使用挂壁式(shi)空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)时(shi),最(zui)好将风口(kou)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)节到向(xiang)下的(de)(de)(de)角度(du)(du),这样做(zuo)可以省(sheng)电。  空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)的(de)(de)(de)设(she)置一定要(yao)(yao)保持(chi)在(zai)(zai)(zai)合理的(de)(de)(de)温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)范围,也就是夏天应(ying)为(wei)26℃~28℃,冬天应(ying)在(zai)(zai)(zai)18℃~20℃。空(kong)(kong)调(diao)(diao)(diao)(diao)温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)室(shi)内与室(shi)外不(bu)(bu)能相(xiang)差(cha)太大(da),一般在(zai)(zai)(zai)5℃~10℃为(wei)宜。如果温(wen)(wen)度(du)(du)相(xiang)差(cha)太大(da)的(de)(de)(de)话(hua),在(zai)(zai)(zai)进出的(de)(de)(de)时(shi)候经受(shou)气温(wen)(wen)骤变(bian),很容(rong)易患感冒等疾(ji)病。 

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